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Three main predictions for the next decade of vehicle manufacturing – and an array of new (ish) concepts. These could expand into further predictions, some of them unexpected, as time goes by. Passenger economy enters, with a full set of consequences.

Between manufacturing and usage, the auto vehicle and automotive industry is set to need increasingly more software solutions, the more versatile, the better.

Estimated production-related shifts

 

The experts estimate that two main types of automobiles are the future. First, there are the minimalist, simplistic vehicles. Tey will be mass produced, on demand, to satisfy the customer need of getting from point A to point B. Secondly, we’ll have highly customized vehicles that answer the need for expensive, (almost) one of a kind products. Both variants involve autonomy.

Also, for both types production would involve a high level of automation. This would “require a total re-imagination of every process involved”.

Automakers expect major changes, implying a 50 percent cut in the industry workforce, as well as a process of re-skilling the employees that remain.

With this in mind, the vehicle production industry braces up for:

  • Different workflows, processes, and operations (e.g. reduced time between R&D and production)
  • Reducing the shop-floor logistics roles by around 60 percent
  • Emerging new roles (and the demand for new talent: “the number of software engineers needed will rise by as much as 90 percent”)

The passenger economy moves the focus towards autonomous vehicles and in-car infotainment

 

Taking for granted the time spent by passengers inside their vehicles, the industry develops new ways of keeping them entertained. With the new world of autonomous vehicles at the horizon, drivers become potential viewers or members of the audience. Once their attention free from the road ahead, they will also be available for screens, an audience open to video and audio entertainment once captive inside the cars of the future.

We stumbled upon an article that reviews a few of the approaches towards autonomous driving, as showcased this year at CES.

Hitachi presented driving assist technology, as well as preventive maintenance concepts and remote car-summoning solutions.

Panasonic is all about IoT and the concept of connected mobility. In their take, autonomous cars are an “immersive version of your smartphone”.  Entities such as “advertisers, entertainment equipment providers, social media companies, data and analytics companies” are all welcome to fight for the passengers’ attention, in their view.

BMV is set to conceal all the technology underneath a minimalist interior, looking almost like a living room, and establishing continuity between the residence and transportation environments. In their version, the driver can “make video calls, manage their to-do list, read a book, and even watch TV from the comfort of their car”.

 

A future of easier transportation, depending upon the automotive software solutions

Once vehicle autonomy perfected, it’s all about the experience. How does one use the time spent inside a vehicle of the (not so far away) future?

Hopefully, not dealing with software errors, buffering screens and frustrations. Depending on the quality, seamless integration and versatility of the software solutions making a smooth experience possible, the vehicles of the future should be relaxing, as well as useful in the way smartphones are nowadays.

As always, the details will make or break the entire concept. Thus, the passenger economy needs great software solutions. It needs dedicated coding, patience, attention and agility.
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Do you have automotive solutions to implement?

Contact us and let’s start turning them into a seamless, functional, top-notch reality!

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It is a fact that in all healthcare sectors miniature wireless devices will replace big monitoring machines. Tracking patient vital signs is just one part of the equation. These sensors detect and collect relevant data – and they need to transmit it further. Storing, interpreting and analyzing the data come to close the full circle.

Dramatic advances in technology have made these miniature wireless devices possible. Advances in software development allow them to have a “voice”. Only with custom tailored, leading edge software the sensors are able to report a status, to predict outcomes, to trigger notifications and alerts based on the data.

As a recent National Geographic issue puts it, “the innovation will allow more extensive monitoring and earlier intervention, potentially saving lives – and billions of dollars”.

Wearable sensors are not new, but they are recent – and their full capacity comes hand in hand with perfecting how they work and convey relevant data. For example, nowadays we have soft, biocompatible sensors, ready to accumulate information with the minimum discomfort for the user in the process.

 

Modern preventive healthcare is a field of maximum focus

Research previously showed how losses – both human, and financial, incur due to delayed information, imprecise stats and diverse errors and confusion points. Reducing the incidence of such factors is highly welcome.

The same source provides a series of examples when it comes to wearable sensors. One of them is a pulse oximeter for prematurely born babies, which measures blood oxygen levels. Other one is ECG and seismo-cardiograph, acting as a digital stethoscope. (Both are credited to the team of engineers at North-western University).

Any such healthcare device needs an operating software. As well, it needs an associated application that would convey the data to the specialists in an easy accessible manner. Not that the operating software is something to be approached lightly or cheaply.

Faultless functioning and airtight cyber security are two of the main standards when working with this type of devices. All healthcare related technologies need approval, and in this complicated process the two above-mentioned characteristics are key.

 

Healthcare also welcomes and needs the right data analytics and Machine Learning tools

Aiming above individual monitoring, prevention or treatment, a different range of healthcare technologies handles the collected data. By gaining a unique perspective after having computed in huge amounts of data on a chosen subject, the right software can deliver astounding insights.

Again, it depends on the project team to make the declared goals become true. From the project owner to the most humble of the developers, working as a dedicated team provides a guarantee for the successful outcome.

As software engineers, being part of a venture like this feels exhilarating. Through all the hard work and hours spent turning actionable instructions into code, beams that feeling of enabling progress.

True, when the result of one’s work is an instrument someone else will use in its activity, sometimes it is hard to describe why it’s nevertheless spectacular. But it is. Knowing that the outcome of our efforts will work flawlessly and further serve in advancing other technologies or even fuel breakthroughs feels good.

At LASTING Software, we are experienced in the implementation of analytical algorithms and engines for statistical analysis. Our work became the base of one of the world leading, FDA-approved solution. 93% of the world’s pharmaceutical companies employ it.

Contact us and find out how our software engineers can bring to reality the best software solutions in your projects!

 

 

 

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Rolled out in 2014, Android Auto now features widespread integration in cars from major brands. As Digital Trends recently put it (October 2018): “becoming the dominant operating system in cars has long been an ambition for Google, and Android Auto, launched in 2014, represents the tech giant’s first step toward that goal”.

It may seem like four years of (apparently) slow progress have reduced the glow of Android Auto. But in fact the auto market in itself is much slower than the smartphone market, for example. Android Auto has matured to the point where the list of car manufacturers whose systems integrate Android Auto is now very exhaustive.

Check out a list of all the cars with Android Auto from Digital Trends here (dating August 2018).

Here you have an October 2018 similar list.

 

With an ever-growing list of partners, Android Auto is set to become the top car infotainment system

 

Those of you already familiarized with digital auto systems already know about the dominance-to-be of Android Auto. One may say Google is not yet fully there. However, expanding both the development options for this operating system, as well as its incorporated features is an ongoing thing.

For those who are still uncertain about the benefits of building your app for Android Auto, here you will find a comprehensive Pocket Lint article on Android Auto.

Now you have Google Assistant in your car. We will also witness the first car to come with Android Automotive out of the factory, as Volvo has now confirmed its all-electric Polestar 2 as the first car to run Android Automotive. Car manufacturers that used to be Android-free have sensed the shift in the market and will provide Android Auto integration in some of their future models.

 

Making an app Android-compatible is a key success factor

 

Apps follow users around, and the digital car systems have translated this modern trend into infotainment apps. Voice controlled, serving our various needs or whims, seamlessly integrated… These apps might even surpass what happens now with smartphone-only apps in terms of usage and importance. With the perspectives opened up by driverless cars, new possibilities unravel. And obviously Google wants to be on top of this game.

Making your apps (new or previously build for a different OS) Android Auto–compatible means allowing them to have a successful future.

Remember that Android Auto “enables you to extend your app to work with in-vehicle console systems running Android Auto. These systems provide a simplified interface for apps that can be used in a car, allowing users to take your app with them on the way to the grocery store or on a long road trip.

Apps that work with Android Auto consoles run on a connected device, such as a phone or tablet. The app communicates via specific APIs with the in-dash console, which provides a user interface for the connected app that is designed for use in a car”.

 

We bring you the power to extend your Android app to support use in vehicles!

At LASTING Software we are experienced in various hardware configurations, device types and deployment environments. We proudy put this know-how at your disposal.

With what we mentioned above, as well as the news about the world’s largest automobile partnership/alliance, aka Nissan, Mitsubishi and Renault partnering with Google to use the Android operating system in their cars starting in 2021, your apps really need to be able to integrate the Android-powered infotainment space as soon as possible.

LASTING Software provides experienced Android application development services

Our in-house teams of software engineers specialize in the following:

– Platforms: Mobile, Wear (Watch), TV, Things (IoT) and Automotive

– Programming languages: Kotlin and Java

*Moreover, our innovative LASTING Software team also crafts apps that function in both the Android and iOS environments. We use Flutter – Google’s mobile app SDK. For those use cases that are less sophisticated and suitable for this approach, the client can benefit from a faster and more cost saving development process.

Do you have an Android app you want developed, optimized, and monetized? Nowadays, with the Google products widely used across industries, any company that activates into web or mobile services needs to build its own reliable and versatile Android applications, as part of its market presence.

Keep ahead of your competition by partnering with LASTING Software!

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Tech

The big picture involving digitization and automation gets a mainstream, impressive approach (see our previous posts about Industry 4.0) that tries to transform the technical terms into a coherent narrative. Whilst capable of explaining how the world could look like, once it benefits from all the advantages brought in by intelligent machines, this approach also stirs controversy. There is a fair amount of worries in relation with the societal and economic changes induced by an increased global automation.

This topic is often mirrored in online and offline debates and various materials. Although it serves in familiarizing one and all with technical concepts otherwise difficult to understand, it manages to partially misrepresent the reality of digitization and automation. Not that the bright future everyone is talking about is not attainable, nor that the disruptions mentioned are unlikely. But down-to-earth automation for now looks different, and to minimize risks and enhance future benefits we need to focus our attention on doing things the right way.

In other words, it’s always now that we are shaping the future. Getting too distracted with the big picture to the detriment of in-the-moment quality is in fact harming the same future in discussion.

 

Humans and machines, partners for decades

What we forget is that automation already makes so many things in our daily lives function, for quite some time. Traffic lights, industrial manipulation, elevators or appliances already function with the help of intelligent software. The examples may go on. True, now new concepts such as AI or ML went beyond theory and we witness quite a competition among companies to be the first ones to achieve viable products incorporating this traits, roughly defined as “machine intelligence”.

What does automation translate into nowadays? What is the competition all about?

Automation means reliable software that allows tedious tasks to be computed straight from one machine to another. This should bypass the human contribution in transmitting information.

Automation means self-diagnose and self-reporting, with an outcome of better, faster insights towards the human process coordinator.

It also means self-regulation of machine systems, where one element send out the request for a certain action or input, and gets an automated response that perfectly meets the request.

Automation for now is in the stage of aligning input and output in what information is concerned, integration and coordination between various system parts.

For all this to work and allow us to see beyond the horizon, all those involved need to give their best. Turning clever ideas into automated operations should only involve seamless integrations, top-notch software engineering, coordination, or the safest possible systems, cyber security – wise.

 

Putting good professionals, ethics and enthusiasm into automation

Working with the best is always the way to do it. Automation is yet another case of not affording to go cheap. Making sure you get what you need then paying the right price for a high-quality output. This is what all involved parties should go for.

Having ethics in mind is also advisable. Lately, the big players in the field started to aggregate around this topic. All the bright achievements in the field simply cannot turn evil, be it accidentally or by intent. With automation increasingly entering all our life sectors, it may soon show how our lives depend on it. Therefore, making sure people are protected, from privacy to fail safe embedded systems is a must.

Enthusiasm – because why not? Just think of how your current experience with technology looks like. You get a quality device that does its job. It feels great, you shape the way you do tasks around it, it makes life easier… True, many such devices are unnecessary complicated of late. But think of the most intuitive gadget you use, of its use, of how thrilled you are sometimes with it. In most of the cases the hassle users face has more to do with economics and the market policies. The better the competition, the more things would evolve in the right direction.

To reach a conclusion, always remember to be very serious about your automation related endeavors. Apps, software, IoT or IIoT, always choose the right software partner. Make sure all details are in place, the coding is clean, the project coherent and consistently approached.

Contact us for any information you may need. Our software engineers are looking forward for your questions!

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Tech

We dived into i-scoop’s guide to Industry 4.0, a massive and comprehensive material which prompted out the following highlights.

What is Industry 4.0?

Although you may find the definition everywhere on the net, the guide signals that some misunderstandings in relation to this concept are still common.

The term is often shortened to I4.0 or simply I4, and it originates “from a project in the high-tech strategy of the German government, which promotes the computerization of manufacturing” (Wikipedia).

However, currently the concept (revived in 2011 at the Hannover Fair), went beyond the manufacturing field. We are now taking about “various forms of manufacturing, the end-to-end digital supply chain and the final destination of all manufacturing, regardless of the number of intermediary steps and players”.

Industry 4.0 to its full extent is a continuously updated concept. Its core consists of transferring industrial “autonomy and autonomous decisions to cyber-physical systems and machines, leveraging information systems”. It involves embedding digital technology into the industrial assets involved in any part of the merchandise cycle. From raw materials to the end customer, services included, Industry 4.0 counts on “a connected environment of data, people, processes, services, systems and IoT-enabled industrial assets”.

Such a connected medium means dynamism, real time, increased responsiveness and an instant propagation of demand across all levels. No more overproduction, no more lack of supply, and the real time demand should get an immediate response in the global system. This sistem also solves other requirements and/or incidents with maximum efficiency.

With Industry 4.0, production would align itself with demand, distribution/sales and customer feedback, in a seamless system. Machines would “dialogue” trough data streams, while humans would intervene to OK decisions pointed out by the most accurate insights. And the universal language is data, while the communication means is digital.

 

Industry 4.0 Keywords

When speaking of Industry 4.0, a few essential keywords are:

Integration/Convergence

Real-time

Connectivity

IoT (Internet of Things)

Embedded

Sensors

Analytics

Big Data

Networks

Digital Infrastructure

HMI (Human Machine Interface)

Autonomous

Smart systems

Cyber Security

 

Step by step, towards a major structural change that will reshape society

Due to the major societal implications and to the novelty of the hyper connected, responsive production system, the specialists expect that full implementation of Industry 4.0 would reshape society.

There is quite a lot to be done until having a fully functional globally connected environment. Integrating divergent needs, geographical and economic considerations, accomplishing the infrastructure that would support such a construction – here are just a few examples of what needs to be done.

You can further explore i-scoop’s guide to see what vertical and horizontal integration mean. Also, check out various definitions of the concept. You may see what international consulting bodies put their minds together to establish the best solutions in this directions, relevant findings in this field and many other interesting details.

Just save some (considerable) time, and start reading!

And remember the key role played by software solution companies (just like we are), in helping companies join this movement, which incidentally is… our common future.

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Originated in Germany, Industry 4.0 translates as “a holistic automation, business information, and manufacturing execution architecture to improve industry with the integration of all aspects of production and commerce across company boundaries for greater efficiency”, according to Automation ISA.

From this starting point, the source article delves into the history of Industry 4.0 initiative. The Industry 4.0 initiative is part of a 10-point high-tech German strategic plan, created in 2006 and continued in 2010 by introducing the High-Tech Strategy 2020. Science and industry need to cooperate, in order to turn knowledge into skills.

Creating networks that incorporate the entire manufacturing process and convert factories into smart environments involves linkages. Linkages such as “smart machines, warehousing systems, and production facilities that feature end-to-end integration, including inbound logistic, production, marketing, outbound logistics, and service”.

Real-time data, a key element in the Industry 4.0 chain of operations

Real-time information enables strong decisions, based on insights. When it comes to production, it enables a superior reactivity and responsiveness in what production chain materials and operations are concerned.

Also, Industry 4.0 is based on asynchronous manufacturing.  This requires that the components in the production flow are able to use “auto identification technology to inform each machine and operator what needs to be done to produce the customized end product at each step of the production process.”

Based on real-time field data, the machines can be rapidly configured so they would adapt to customer specifications and other commands inherent to the production operations.

The collected data also serves as prime material for a range of analytics. These provide a bonus post real-time advantage to those in charge. By analyzing the data, such systems provide recommendations on improving performance and productivity.

Using embedded intelligence at all levels, the advanced cyber-physical systems (CPS) save “significant cost, providing greater flexibility and improved reliability.”

What binds together this new, developing industrial landscape is a series of software solutions that allow for the data to be collected and processed. Furthermore, the insights become recommendations. The decisions then turn into commands that go back into the cycle, driving modified, optimized operations.

 

Standards emerge, as well as a worldwide agenda

With separate, but similar Industry 4.0 agendas in countries such as Germany, China, Japan and/or others, a sum of specific standards emerge. These standards require harmonization, if they are going to work seamlessly at a global level, regardless of the physical area where the industrial processes involved take place.

Future automation systems must adopt open source multivendor interoperability software application and communication standards similar to those that exist for computers, the Internet, and cell phones. Industry 4.0 demonstrations acknowledge this by leveraging existing standards, including the ISA-88 batch standards, ISA95 enterprise-control systems integration standards, OPC UA, IEC 6-1131-3, and PLCopen.

Process automation is at the core of this plan. It becomes more and more present with each industry entity that joins this trend. The Industry 4.0 vision of the future factory joins together advanced technology hardware and brilliant software solutions, for a flawless functionality.

We are getting there with each software solution. Producers can unload more and more of their operations onto the digital, be it monitoring operations, management, coordination or others.

Call us for software solutions partnerships – we build the software you need for going one step further into the Industry 4.0!

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The vulnerability of Industrial Control Systems (ICS) systems is a major concern both for their beneficiaries, as well as for all those involved in the development of such software solutions. While software engineers (in and beyond ICS), know that a solid software architecture and reliable coding are the only way to go to reduce cyber risks, the users sometimes neglect the best practices in the daily use of software solutions.  When steering away from code that ends up being vulnerable, or easy to control via data breaches, as well as from its faulty deployment or configuration, the ICS-based recommendation can do no harm. They are also useful when considering other types of software solutions.

We browsed a few recommended methods for developing strong and reliable ICS software solutions, on the users’ side.

The ICS system environment induces an urgent need to solve or avoid vulnerabilities. This urgency drives best practices in this line of work. By extension, any solution with implications or application in the IoT field can be approached in the same way, even if the effects of its potential vulnerabilities are sometimes more difficult to grasp. But any element in an interconnected system is essential because the system is as protected as its weakest element is.

 

A seven steps list to avoid cyber risks, from Automation World

The list comes from a supplier of industrial cybersecurity software and services. It’s meant to provide a solid grounding for all the types of professionals who are involved in building and delivering safe and secure ICS software solutions.

 

As the author mentions, the list summarizes the “core steps every industrial company should take to secure their control systems at the most basic level”

Design your network with cyber security in mind

  • The software solutions beneficiaries/users should secure their networks to avoid exposure

Monitor your deployed software

  • Make sure you notice events and any abnormal behavior before it’s too late

Keep a tight inventory of all devices connected to your network

  • “From controllers to human-machine interfaces (HMIs) to engineering workstations, all assets on your network should be accurately inventoried so there aren’t any unknown devices, thereby enabling rogue assets to be quickly identified”.

Manage your logs, to understand the behavior of all involved devices

  • You can optimize performance once you have the complete image

Manage the configurations of all involved devices

Use industrial firewalls

Institute privilege control

 

As a user of software solutions, do these recommendations sound familiar?

Avoiding cyber risks is a common effort. Good software engineers strive to build and deliver the best, most secure products. Vigilant users should join in by materializing best practices, such as those mentioned above.

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Tech

Due to financial restraints and reluctance, as well as to economic differences, the way in which organizations worldwide implement and approach new tech (from the digitization, automation, Big Data, analytics, connectivity, IoT, etc. group) is inconsistent.

For example, we took a look at the random user intercept site survey fielded on ZDNet and TechRepublic, based on European users having voluntarily answered tech-related questions. The results in its first phase (responses in October 2018, coming from 142 qualified users) show very low active IoT initiatives and a low budget allocation for this sector.

Meanwhile, the mainstream experts note that investing in new tech is no longer a luxury, but “essential to keeping your business’s costs down, your profitability up, and your company thriving”.

 

A glimpse at the IoT-related situation in the European field

 

Back to the study mentioned above, let’s see a couple of figures:

 

*42% of the respondents say they have an interest in IoT, but have no active initiatives;

 24% of them say they have a limited number of IoT-related functions in operation;

 

*1-9% of the respondents mention that 36% of their budget is directly related to their IoT-based initiatives;

 10% say that over 50% or more of their budget is directly related to their IoT-based initiatives

 

*a maximum of 18% of the respondents list IoT as a top priority in their organization, for various lucrative purposes

*a maximum of 49% of the respondents list IoT as a top 3 priority in their organization (figures vary, depending on purpose)

*51% of the respondents list ensuring the security of IoT network/devices as the top challenge in using IoT in their company, followed by integrating IoT into their proprietary networks and by the learning curves related to the new technology

For those of us who work in B2B it should be easy to compare these with the situation in the field as we know it. Although this study so far provides only partial unrefined results, it clearly shows polarization around certain issues.

 

A few recommendations for the organizations caught in transition

For those who are interested in new tech, but still are indecisive whether to see it as a luxury or a necessity, the article we found on ReadWrite provides a schematic guidance. Such organizations should consider the following:

  • Quality software should always be the choice, and furthermore the companies should spend money to ensure they have the best technology expertise. Going for doubtful software and no experts is simply self-sabotage.
  • New tech in streamlining business processes is the way to go, since it levels the playing field with your peers, as well as your customers. Predictive maintenance and reducing errors via technology is so this age, that those who are top in their field can’t even conceive functioning without it.
  • A strong relationship with the modern customer means new tech, which makes sure the customer experience is within the modern, expected parameters in the industry.

For more details on how businesses should “integrate new tech into (their) business in a way that cuts (…) costs, increases revenue, or provides more value to (…) customers”, see the source article here.

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Tech

Tech innovations can sometimes originate in simple ideas. They can also reproduce natural solutions. By observing similarities and connecting apparently disparate things, a Eureka moment is sometimes not far away. SAP Digital Interconnect shares an interesting parallelism between bees and sensors, and consequently between a smart city and a hive.

The common denominator consists of secure and efficient communications. When designing the IoT systems, this is often the underlining scope – getting the right data where you want it, while avoiding unauthorized access.

Let’s follow this story and see why SAP thinks that designers and managers have a lot to learn from the way bumblebees are organized.

 

Connected cities – the super-organisms of tomorrow

The overall tech weaving that goes into any smart city structure is impressive. The result is a sum of subsystems, a mega-system. With all the data flows taking place, the interconnections, and the necessary coordination – we may see it as a super-organism. How can the professionals design and program it, so that it would work as such?

It wouldn’t be for the first time in human progress that nature inspired humans in solving complicated problems. By getting our inspiration from the natural structures that work just fine for centuries, the easiest answer is often the best one.

The source article’s coauthors are also beekeepers. In this quality they have noticed how a beehive is in fact a collection of different cells. It’s the relationship between these cells and the way the bees understand to enact it that makes sure the whole system works together in a flawless way.

In a similar way, the design and management of IoT networks could make sure that all the sensors communicate seamlessly, that their hierarchy is respected, and their functions fulfilled.

What drew the attention of the two authors (one a Head of IoT products, and the other a Mobile Evangelist), are the pheromones. They are the common element that may activate or block communications, depending on the necessity. In a network packed with sensors that have a double function – independent and interconnected, this is critical.

 

Looking forward for a highly functional, organized IoT environment

The perspective of a medium packed with sensors, devices, data flows and streaming information does not rhyme with functionality, nor does it inspire an ergonomic structure.

However, layering, categories and distributed activities could make it so that the sensors take turns in communicating with each other. For example, when collecting data that is not needed in real time, the sensors could save activity and bandwidth and stay in a local mode. When receiving the designed signal, they could go into transmit mode.

By using the bees’ behavior as a model, the authors recommend three scopes in planning various systems that go in a smart city structure:

  • Simplicity;
  • Security;
  • Smart communication.

Following these guidelines (that you may see explained, by accessing the source article), any involved professional may get a better version of the system he/she is in responsible for.

 

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Tech

City planners and technologists joined forces at Smart Cities Week 2018 in an exercise of simulation for businesses. The theme was the future the smart city, which is not at all far-fetched. All around the globe initiatives for intelligent, connected IoT-based urban centers are in various stages of development.

To understand the full scale of requirements, challenges and multiple tasks involved by such a mega structure, we browsed a recap of the simulation, as featured on IoT for All.

 

Things to expect when involved in a smart city project

Although the increased specialization in the technical field over the years may not equally put all participants in a project in a similar strategic posture, certain major challenges are bound to affect all. Even if layered in complementary projects, micro projects and various team types, the professionals who are part of the overall team do have to acknowledge the bigger picture.

What would a few of the common challenges might be? Lateral thinking is one of them. For the success of such a venture, those who make decisions, as well as those who decide for their own subsidiary area of responsibility need to bring an indirect and creative approach to the table.

Balancing the budget against what are indeed the much needed strategic investments is yet another must. Investing in new technologies blends together with retrofitting older structures. However, blending means seamless integration. The participants need to think things through. They also need to have a can do attitude, to grasp the big picture, as well as be quickly aware of the possible pressure or blockage points.

 

A process of bartering and flexible adaptation

The simulation in cause was extremely interesting due to the fact that it reunited city planners with the specialist in technology.  While the professionals in urban planning brought an approach forged during the specifics of their everyday activity, some of the technologists had their first opportunity to see how and why this type of project is different.

City planners are often reluctant to changes, stick by their budgets and need to understand the technology and translate it into financial lines. Understanding the technology alone took a while for some of the participants. The technologists had to meet them halfway in relation with certain issues.

Collaboration and strategy are key on the road to a functional smart city – as the author repeatedly underlines it. The aim and the measurement elements is the citizen quality of life – a notion that seems at hand, but needs defining. It also requires a sustained activity on the line of planning, so it would indeed materialize into better services, better living conditions and so on.

 

Keywords for activities related to the smart cities of the future

We selected a few keywords that might not be the first things that come to mind when contemplating the idea of smart city:

  • Multiple stakeholders
  • Constrained budgets
  • Challenging social dynamics

Other keywords are less surprising:

  • Economic growth
  • Intuitive infrastructure
  • Public-Private Partnerships
  • Collaborative processes

Materializing smart city projects may involve a sum of integrations. Some software solution can be adopted into such a project, while they previously existed in the private environment. Others can regard custom-made software programs and applications.

Whatever the case, having the right partner in software engineering is of great use. Our company is an example of such a partner – with the experience accumulated in our projects along the years, we can tackle IoT and mobile challenges related to the major ventures of the future.

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